(please refer to this information to guide you in the use of the Tzolkin or Cholk'ij portion of our hand-crafted Maya Calendar codex)
Each day of the Mayan day-count is perceived as a central location upon which a person can stand like a mystic human tree surrounded by a power circle.
The Mayas believe that each person lives at the center of his or her own personal cosmic mandala. This four quaretered mini-universe around which lies the whole arc of the Sacred Circle or "Medicine Wheel" with its four cardinal directions, must be maintained and kept balanced so that the energies and power forces that keep the individual alive and healthy will flow around wthin his or her personal universe in the proper manner.
The Mayas have always percieved the vertical image of a standing human in the same light as they see the trunk of a tree. This imagery equates the form of the body-soul unit of the individual with the form of the spiritual Cosmic Tree which stands at the very center of existance. The Cosmic Tree is the element of Cosmic Geography known to anthropologists as the "WORLD CENTER". It is an image that is widespread in shamanic societies all over the world. In Mayan cosmology this tree stands like a tall pillar at the very center of Creation. It has its roots in the UNDERWORLD. From that netherworld covered in a deep watery layer of the Primordial Sea the trunk of the Cosmic Tree rises high through the Middle Realm, the territory of humans, and the level of Ordinary Reality. Beyond that the central pillar rises up into the Upper World where the branches of the tree spread and hold up the sacred folliage.
The trunk of the Cosmic Tree contains the pathway for the flow of magical Earth/Heaven Energy. The energy of the Earth spirals upward through this cosmic conduit and the energy of the Heavens spirals downward. The two mix and intertwine through the core of the tree.
The Mayas see the vertical image of a human as a microcosmic analogy of the Cosmic Tree. Because of that it follows that the human body-soul unit is also capable of channeling the sacred energies that flow up from the Earth and down from the Heavens uniting the three levels of the Cosmic Geography in an unbroken unified whole. The task of centering the essential elements of a person's personal cosmic tree begins with an understanding of the Mayan Calendar count of days.
The Mayan Calendar's most fundamental element is this count of days usually called the "Tzolkin". This count of days follows a pattern in which a sequence of 20 day-names usually illustrated by twenty corresponding Mayan glyphs) are combined with a sequence of thirteen numerals.
THE TZOLKIN GLYPHS
This means that on any given day a day-name gets teamed up with a specific numeral, on the following day the next day-name is teamed up with the next numeral and so on interminably. For example since the sequence of Mayan day-names go IMIX, IK, AKBAL, KAN, CHICCHAN, KIMI and so on if IMIX happens to come up on Wednesday teamed up with the numeral three (3) then the following day-name "IK" will be teamed up with the numeral four (4) on Thursday and AKBAL will come up with the numeral five (5) on Friday.
The most important initial step in establishing the Earth-Heaven cosmic tree centering of a particular individual is to image that person as sitting or standing at the very center of the four-quartered personal microcosmos. The flow of energy through this human "tree" conduit is influenced by the mystical elements of the person's Mayan "Birth Sign" and this flow spirals througth the length of the body-soul like the coils of a sacred serpent down through the head from the sky and up through the feet from the earth. Unlike Western-European Astrology, the person's birth-sign is not derived from the position of the sun in the heavens on the day that person was born (asrological horoscope). Astronomical/astrological elements do play a role in the personal energy flow later, but at first the initial birth-sign is derived exclusively from the actual birth date as it appears on the Mayan Calendar.
Find out what Maya day-name (glyph) and number were in force on the day of your birth by following this LINK and visiting a website where you can input the Gregorian date and year of your birth and get the corresponding Maya date for that day. The Maya date will consist of a variety of categories, including "Long Count unit", "Haab date" etc. Take special notice of he category labled "Tzolkin date" it will be composed of a combination of a number from one to thirteen and a day-name from one of the twenty listed above. Take note of the particular combination of day-number and day-name tha was in force on the day of your birth because it represents your personal birth energy.
The Birth-Sign contains five elements. The first and most important element is the combination of the "day-name" and the "day-number" that came up in the Mayan Calendar on the day of the person's birth. The energies contained in the "day-name" are combined with the energies contained in the "day-number" to allow a preliminary tentative image of the person's birth energies to emerge.
Once the day-name and day-number are established then the individual must image himself or herself in that personal micro-circle I spoke about earlier. To complete the whole Birth-Sign imagery the person must image himself or herself standing or sitting on the image of the day-name and day-number at the center of the micro-circle and facing East. The person must then image a special Mayan day-sign lying in front of him or her to the East. On his or her left the individual must image another Mayan day-sign lying to the North. To his or her right he or she must image another one lying to the South. And ultimately he or she must image a fourth significand day-signs lying behind to the West. At this point the individual finds himself or herself sitting on his or her birthdate Mayan "day-number"/"day-sign" surrounded by four more Mayan "day-signs" placed at each of the cardinal directions.
For those aquainted with the Dreamspell of course this imagery is reminescent of the familiar kin-cross which is cast by the solar seal surrounded by its antipode kin, its guide kin, its occult kin and so on. And although there is some correlation between the two images, please remember that the Dreamspell is a modern-day interpretation of the ancient calendar tradition with many elements that are very different from the original culture, and is not to be confused with the traditional Mayan shamanic practice that I am describing here.
Once the day-name is identified for that person's birth-date the four day-names can also be deduced for the four directions and a micro-circle can be established for that person. This micro-circle defines the birth-energies for that person.
To give an example of how a person's Birth Sign is arrived at I will give myself as an example. I was born on April 19 1951. On that day it just so happens that the Mayan day-name and Mayan day number were 6-BEN.
The augury for people born under the sign of BEN are very fortunate. It is also a sign that is identified with a powerful Mesoamerican diety of central Mexican origin known to the Mayas as Kukulkan and to the Aztecs as Quetzalcoatl, the Featherd Serpent. It is a sign that also includes parental and protective tendencies. The number that accompanies the day-name in most cases indicates the intensity of the energies associated with the day-name. If the number is low such as 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 the energies are considered weak and even ineffectife. If the energy of the day-name is possitive such as mine is, a low number will put something of a damper on its augury because its positive qualities are weak and ineffective. In a case like that the individual must work a bit harder to actualize his or her potential. In my case I got lucky. The so-called "MIDDLE NUMBERS" 6, 7, 8, and 9 are considered very balanced and productive. It means that the energies that I described earlier associated with my day-name BEN are relatively balanced. The last four numerals available; 10, 11, 12, and 13 are overwhelmingly potent and hard to control. Therefore no matter what sign the individual is born under, that sign will be overly emphasized by these high numbers and he or she must work hard to keep it under control.
The four other day-names that make up the Birth layout represent energies associated with the individual's Past (in the WEST), his or her Future (in the EAST), his or her influencing masculine energies (in the SOUTH) and his or her influencing feminine energies (in the NORTH). Since the individual percieves himself or herself as standing in the center of this symbolic circle facing East, the individual will be facing the energies that influence his or her Future in the East. At his back in the West he or she will have energies associated with the Past. On his or her Left hand in the North he or she will be accompanied by feminine influences and on the Right hand will be energies associated with masculine energies. To arrive at what day-names will ocupy these important energy positions the formula is to count backwards and forward from the main day-name of the individual's Birth date. Counting backwards nine places in the sequence of day-names produces the day-name that occupies the WEST position influencing the energies associated with the past. In my case that comes out to be Chicchan. Chicchan is a day-name associated with possible strains in married life. A person who has this sign in his Past brings a certain amount of psychological or emotional baggage from the past into his married life or into a relationship. Thi means that issues of the heart in terms of permanent relationships must be tended carefully to combat these corrosive influences from the Past.
To accertain what the energies influencing the person's future are going to be one must count forward nine places in the sequence. This yields the day-name which will occupy the position of thle EAST, the FUTURE, in my case, Imix, a sign that indicates challenges in the Future associated with a struggle to control anger in one's own life and perhaps also in relationship to offsprings. Counting backwards 7 places yieds the influences that will affect the individual's Right-hand masculine energies. Counting foward 7 places yields the Left-hand feminine energies.
This is how the person is positioned firmly in the center of all of the influencing energies that are assigned to him or her by his or her Mayan Birth-sign. This is how the individual is centered at the "heart" place of his or her Birth augury.
When a person wishes to energize his or her central physical/spiritual column He or she must first visualize himself or herself at the center of this sacred circle of four energy influences. He or she must then see his or her body as the trunk of the Central Cosmic Tree. At this point, with all of these wisdoms clearly surrounding him or her, he or she must begin to visualize the sacred energy flow that descends from the Heavehs as flowing in ever-accelerating spirals down the central axis of the body. At the same time the individual must visualize a complimentary flow of energy rising from the Earth and spiraling upwards throught the central axis of the body to meet and mingle with the downward spiral.
Once an individual has established the energies that rule his or her Birth Sign, including the four influencing forces that emmanate around him or her from the four cardinal directions NORTH SOUTH EAST and WEST, he or she should begin to observe the individual day sequence of the Mayan calendar known as the "Tzolkin".
Since the Tzolkin provides us with the general energies that are influencing any particular day it behooves the individual to actually keep track of each individual day, recognizing each dawn early in the morning upon rising and establishing an awareness of the way in which that day is going to influence the forces represented in his or her original Birth Sign layout.
The Classic era Mayas percieved each day as a living entity, a "god" if you will. The energies which qualified and quantified each of these daily divinities was influenced by symbology and numerology. In terms of numerology, they took the concept that we are familiar with now as "lucky numbers" and "unlucky numbers" to its logical conclusion. Every number had its own relative shade of fortune or lack of it. In terms of symbology, the Mayas came up with a group of symbols that created an almost infinite panoply of abstract concepts and assigned each one of those symbols to a specific day.
The symbols sum up to exactly twenty, a number that the Mayas associated with a complete human because healthy whole humans possess ten toes and ten fingers, adding up to twenty.
The numerals, on the other hand, only add up to thirteen, a number that the Mayas percieved as powerful and as lucky as many in western culture would consider it unlucky. By the way I have for thirty years perceived the number thirteen as personally lucky because my wife was born on a Friday November 13.
The Mayas assigned a symbol and a number to each day in sequence. For example in ancient times the sequence began with the combination of the number 1 and the symbol "IMIX". So a particular day was called "One IMIX". The following day was assigned the number two and the following symbol, "IK". The day after that would be assigned the number 3 plus the symbol "AKBAL" and so on. They had their own specific sequential order and that sequence of symbols was as strictly followed as we follow the weekly sequence Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and so on.
Since there are only thirteen numbers to work with but twenty symbols the sequence eventually ran out of numerals but still had seven symbols left. At that point the Mayas assigned the forteenth symbol name "IX" to the day after day 13 and simply assigned the numeral "ONE" to accompany it. making this forteenth day "ONE IX". After that it was "Two Men", "Three Cib" and so on until they finally arrived at the twentieth, and last symbol, "AHAU". At this point The Mayas, having finally run out of symbols, simply started the symbol sequence at the begining again with the first symbol, "IMIX" and teamed it up with the following numeral "eight" to name that twentifirst day "EIGHT IMIX". The twentysecond day was "NINE IK" and so forth. In that way the sequence continued indefinitelly sometimes running out of numbers, and going back to the first number, other times running out of symbols and going back to the first symbol.
Eventually as time passed every symbol ended up having the opportunity of getting teamed up with every number. This created a specific cycle at the completion of which every symbol had in fact been teamed up with every numeral. At that point the starting numeral "ONE" again came up teamed up with the starting symbol "IMIX" and the whole sequence began all over again. It takes exactly 260 days for the whole cycle to be completed. This number is the most sacred in Mayan numerology. It is roughly the length of the nine-month human gestation period and the time it takes for a certain sacred strain of Mayan corn to go from planting time to harvest time. The sacred 260-day cycle is called "TZOLKIN" in the Mayan dialect spoken in the Yucatan Penninsula of Mexico and "CHOL KIH" in the dialect of the Quiche Mayas of Guatemala.
The amazing thing about this sequence of days as it was followed by the Classical period Mayas is that it somehow miraculously survived the over 400 years of brutal suppression that these remarkable people have endured under European domination.
In ancient times this sacred count of days was used as part of the process of divination. A kind of random "casting of lots" was produced using piles of seeds. Each pile was identified with a specific day of the Day-Count sequence and the symbolism of the day-sign assigned to the last seed-pile counted would yield the message of the divination.
This system is still in use today and is one of the most important vehicles for divination used by modern-day Maya ajk'ij priest-shamans.
Above is an image of our beautifully illustrated hand-crafted tun calendar codex which we make available for the purpose of following the traditional Maya day-count
Please note the name of each day-sign is given first in its Guatemalan K'iche Maya form as spoken by Antonio's people, then in parenthesis the common Yucatec Maya version of the name is provided as it is pronounced by the Maya people of Yucatan in Mexico. Where the word is the same in both languages only one term is provided. After that an English term is given that provides the most commonly recognized symbolic name for that day-sign. Finally a brief explanation of the shamanic significance for each day-sign is given in explanatory form.
1. IMOX (IMIX )=DRAGON or GREAT CROCODILE (interpreted as representing a world-supporting reptilian creature that lies hidden beneath the realm of what can be percieved through the senses) associated with all things occult and hidden, it is associated with primal life and the primal abundance of both the biological and psychological subconscious, the reservoirs from which are born all things, all thoughts... also associated with the stormy visions that can instigate madness and spiritual or demonic possession
2. IK =WIND (interpreted as representing ominous energies that can be wind-borne and carry undesirable forces, and at the same time Life-Breath) there is a lot of anger and rage associated with this glyph...and yet these seemingly dangerous qualities are actually lower more undeveloped levels of certain energies which in their higher manifestations are vital for human existance, and so the glyph Ik implies the potential both for Rage and for the very Breath of Life...there is an association between this glyph and the sacred Cosmic Sky Tree as a vehicle of mystical Life-Breath that is transmitted from the realm of the spirits to the realm of the humans, a kind of "breathing tube" through which humanity receives that Life Breath....it is reminescent of the concept of the huge tree-masses of the Amazon Rain Forest as a source of breathable Oxigen for the Earth
3. AK'ABAL (AKBAL) =NIGHT (interpreted as representing the darkness of the shamanic Underworld and also the darkness within a private personal house-like structure or building) associated with the mental state in which the individual withdraws intuitively into the introspective self to attain complete INSIGHT...there is the implication of a kind of "descent" into the dark spiritual Underworld, a kind of "dying" to the ordinary realm of perception to attain a deeper sense of understanding not ascessible in this realm. It is also understood as withdrawing within a personal private space.
4.K'AT (KAN) =CORN KERNEL or A NET-SACK FULL OF EARS OF CORN (interpreted as symbol of fertility and abundant harvest) associated with all manner of fecundity, the ability to create or procreate, the ability to multiply and beget, the quality of being prolific, the ability to grow, fertility-producing rain....since the ability to procreate is inevitably associated with sexual intercourse, there is a connection between this glyph and certain Native American icons that represent sexuality...one of these icons is the lizard....lizards have a long association with sexuality in the Native American cosciousness, a sometimes unbridled sensuality that nevertheless never seems to stray into the realm of the undesirable
5. KAN (CHICCHAN) =SERPENT (also interpreted in terms of fertility and rain but with sometimes perilous and dangerous implications) the Serpent is associated with sensuality like the lizard of Kan...linguistically speaking, in the Yucatec Maya dialect the word CHICCHAN was often shortened to "CHAN"....it is interesting to note that the Guatemalan Quiche dialect of the Mayan laguage family changes the pronounciation of this word "CHAN" to "KAN" which of course reminds one of the Yucatec name for the previous glyph, CORN (the Quiche call the previous glyph "K'at" instead of "Kan")...CHICCHAN is associated with deep, mysterious aspects of the human mind, dangerous but fecund sources energy.
6. KAME (KIMI) =DEATH or TRANSFORMATION (interpreted as a symbol of the departed ones, the ancestors, whose wisdom we seek) represented by a skeletal head with its eye closed, this glyph symbolizes all of the benefits derived from transitions and transformation....it represens ancient wisdom, the knowledge aquired from those with experience who have gone before...it also implies the gift of prophecy
7. KEJ (MANIK) =DEER (there is a strong suggestion of the relationship between the prey animal and the hunter in the sense that a grasping hand ideogram is used to represent the act of "taking" a kill) It is associated with the deities that protect the animals that are hunted....what is implied here is a reference to the endless natural cycles of Life and Death symbolized by the relationship between the hunter and the hunted and perceived through the filter of Native spirituality...one concept that is brought to mind is the custom of of many Native hunters of saying a prayer before or after killing an animal...since there is a suggestion of Give-and-Take in this symbolism it also implies the exchange that is typical of trade and barter, any form of business endeavor
8. KANIL (LAMAT) =RABBIT (ripeness, abundance and growth) this glyph is closely associated with the cycle of the Moon in the sense that if the New Moon happens on the day AHAU then the 28-day Lunar Cycle will do a complete run and end on the next New Moon on the day LAMAT...being that closely associated with the 28-day cycle of the Moon this glyph symbolizes the Moon goddess Ix Chel who is, in turn, closely associated with the sacred intuitive, shamanic twin hero (or heroine) of the Popol Vuh creation story IX BALAN QUE...at the end of the famous legend Ix BalanQue rises into the sky and becomes the Moon....In her youthful manifestation Ix Chel is often represented in the company of of a man-sized rabbit who is a reference to the fact that the ancient Mayas saw the figure of a rabbit in the dark stains that mark the face of the Full Moon...there is a definite association between this glyph and the concept of productivity and abundance. In ancient classical Maya times the day-sign glyph for Lamat was used to represent the planet Venus and its cycles. Back then the energies associated with the cycles of this planet were identified with the adventures of the most important heroes in the ancient Maya creation myth now known as the Popol Vuh .
9. TOJ (MULUC) =WATER and RAIN (interpreted as the blue-green liquid of Life) Life is suggested through the association with the greeness of growing Life-giving corn plants who need water and rain to survive, and the presciousness of the sacred gem-stone of ancient Mesoamerican people, jade...there's a sense of permanence and survival implied by this glyph...there are some who make a connection between this glyph and the moon also, which with its powers of gravitation can affect the waters of the Earth through a process called the "TIDES"
10. Tz'I (OC) =DOG (interpreted as the gateway, but gateway to what? Transcendence or just Trouble!) in many Mesoamerican traditions as well as in my own people’s tradition from the Taino Indians of the Caribbean islands the dog is a powerful metaphor of the ability to travel safety into the realm of the spirits, the sacred Underworld and then come back…In Mexican Indian culture there are many tribes that believe there is a kindly yellow spirit dog that guides or escorts the spirit of a dead person to the other world…The pre-discovery Tainos in the Caribbean islands likewise believed that GUAYABA, the spiritual Lord of the Underworld realm of the departed ancestors sends his dog, a were-canine half-man/half-hound creature called "Opiyel-Guobiran" out into the world of ordinary reality to escort the spirits of recently deceased people accross to his comforting welcoming abode…back in the Mexican hinterland Native people associate the yellow spirit dog with a long thin yellow rope or thread that can be stretched across the mythical river that separates the realm of the living from the realm of the dead almost as if the dog can convert itself into a sort of tightrope across which the dead can cross the perilous frontier…Some of these tribes actually cast a long yellow thread across a real river as part of funerary ceremonies…as such this "thread-dog" is, by a kind of convoluted extension also associated to the long legendary blow-gun which the sacred twins Hun-Ahpu and Ix-Balanque used in the creation story, the POPOL VUH, to cross the dangerous waters of the Styx-like rivers that separated the realm of the living from the realm of the Lords of Death, Xibalba…so there is this complicated relationship between dog, thread, and Hun-Ahpu’s blowgun… to make things even more complex, the blowgun is envisioned as extending out from the face of the Sun-Lord Hun-Ahpu when he brings the weapon up to his mouth to use it, like just another ray of his solar head radiating out of his noggin, along with the many strands of his hair all extending out in all directions as if he had put his hand on one of those static electricity balls…his head is the sun itself, the hairs are the rays of the sun and so is the blowgun… so the blow-gun is associated with the sacred Lord’s hair, which sticking out in all directions can be envisioned as being yellow rays, yellow threads, which is associated with the yellow threads extending across the rivers of Death, which is associated with the yellow dog that guides the departed to the realm of the Dead….did you follow all that??? Well, here’s more! The dog also has troublesome sexual connotations that can refer to extramarital relationships much like a real dog seems to be attracted to any member of the opposite sex that he comes along… the flip-side of that ominous allusion is, of course, the legendary loyalty that can be elicited from this symbol if dealt with appropriately
11.B'ATZ (CHUEN) =MONKEY or SKILLED CRAFTSPERSON (interpreted as talented and capable with his or her hands… after all, monkeys have twice as many hands as people do) there is a consensus that this day-name represents artistic and creative ability…both the Mayas and also the more northern Native peoples of Mexico traditionally agreed that this glyph represents talent in all its manifestations…there is a wonderful contemporary musical group composed primarily of Mexican-American musicians that has made a great name for itself nationally…well-aware of the connection between it and the concept of talent they named their band after this day-sign and used the Aztec (Nahuatl) name for it, "Ozomatli"…My very talented musician son, Miguel III (Cha) has established a long-distance relationship with the youthful members of this group and whenever they are touring and happen to be performing in Pittsburgh they look him up and they all go off do whatever young musicians do when they relax together…the Yucatec Maya word "Chuen" technically just means "craftsman" or "artisan", but the association of this term with monkeys is so strong in traditional Maya culture that to say "monkey" is almost tantamount to saying "artisan" in much the same way as we all understand instantly in a billiard or table-pool game environment what is meant when a person calls another person a "shark"… in the ancient Mayan creation legend now known as the "Popol Vuh" the character ONE HUN-AHPU, one of the first two twin boys that were destined to confront the Lords of Negativity, fathers a set of children of his own before setting off on his fateful and fatal journey to Xibalba, the Realm of the Dead…bearing the names ONE-BATZ and ONE-CHOUEN (ONE-MONKEY and ONE-ARTISAN) these twin sons are left orphans when he is murdered by the Lords of Negativity and they are forced to grow up fatherless, raised by their grandmother IxMukane…eventually their cozy little existence as only children in her house is upset when the mysterious pregnant woman IxQik appears at their grandmother’s door freshly arrived from Xibalba, claiming to be carrying the late ONE HUN-AHPU’S other children Hun-Ahpu and Ix-Balanque… the birth of these two new twins actually is not a welcome event to the older twins…at first they are good older half-brothers and they teach the younger siblings all of their formidable skills, Hun-Ahpu and Ix Balanque benefit greatly from what they learn under the tutelage of the two master craftsmen, bearers of all art and all handy skills…but later in a fit of jealousy the older brothers begin a vicious campaign of cruel tricks and mistreatment which almost kills the hero twins before they even have a chance to grow up and face the Lords of Negativity to avenge the murder of their mutual father…This dysfunctional family relationship finally ends with the more wily Hun-Ahpu and Ix-Balanque tricking their jealous brothers into permanently becoming the comical tree-dwelling long-tailed creatures that we all now recognize as monkeys…and so not only is this day-glyph CHUEN (which of course is the day sign of both twins ONE-CHOUEN and ONE-BATZ) a symbol of talent but it’s also associated with a more sinister over-reaching, sometimes egotistic temperament often associated with artists and other talented people
12. E (EB) =ROAD TRAVELLED or LADDER/STAIRWAY CLIMBED (interpreted as a journey of destiny, an upward climb into whatever awaits) associated with free-will decisions and choices made which will define the path that is to be taken in Life…it is said that to the Mayas, walking the Road of Life means climbing the ladder or the pyramid stairway to the summit of creation, the so-called "Thirteenth Heaven"…I personally associate this glyph with the human mind, which among all the creatures on Earth has the capacity to make informed decisions and can choose its own path, its own destiny
13. Aj (BEN) =REED/CANE or STALK or STAFF (interpreted as a tall, straight supporting pole or staff of office) associated with authority and with a great leader who has the capacity to bring civilization and culture to his or her people…in another interpretation this glyph can be associated with the authority or strength of Destiny…Destiny often rules the life of an individual much as a ruler does for his or her community…and so there is a kind of relationship between this glyph and the previous one which also has destiny associations
14. IX =JAGUAR-SHAMAN (interpreted as a seer, one whose intuitive vision can pierce the darkness of the occult and see what is hidden to others) darkness is the domain of the jaguar…this beast is a night-hunter like its African cousin the leopard…the dark is the realm of private, personal intuition, the shamanic quality that is used to journey into the Spirit World…the ancient Taino Indians of the Caribbean islands associated these qualities with the female side of a person’s personality…whenever I teach the lesson of this quality I always quote the immortal words of Lennon and McCarthy in their song I GET BY WITH A LITTLE HELP FROM MY FRIENDS: "What do you see when I turn out the lights? I don’t know but I know it’s mine"…the darkness is a necessary vehicle that carries the magician into the inward journey, into the personal dream-world that allows for important discovery and acquisition of Power and the journeyer knows these gifts are intimately his or hers even before he or she understands them fully…personal darkness, undisturbed by the distractions of daylight allows the magician to apprehend secrets that are only accessible within his or her own personal vision… in ancient times Ix was associated with the sacred twin Ix-Balanque, who I have mentioned before I insist on interpreting as a woman in opposition to the more conventional interpretation of a male that is held by most experts of Maya culture…this female divinity ends up turning into the Moon at the end of the Creation legend…as you may remember I mentioned earlier there is a Moon goddess called Ix-Chel…she has both a youthful, nubile, fertile manifestation and an older age-wise manifestation… appropriately if the New Moon falls on the Mayan day-sign Imix (the first day-sign in the ancient day-count) then it will become manifested as the youthful Ix-Chel full-moon thirteen days later on the day IX…in Native cultures there is a persistent association between the female energy of Mother Earth and the fertile female energy of the Moon…contemporary Mayan shamans have always associated this day-name with mysterious underground powers, properly belonging to deep dark Earth energies…since these energies are associated with the Earth and the Earth is sometimes perceived as female the word "Ix" as, I said earlier, has in the past had a female connotation…nowadays the day-sign "IX" has acquired more male characteristics and is associated with a trickster-type spiritual character known in Spanish as "Santo Mundo" (literally translated "Holy World" or "Holy Earth")… this personage is a rakish, somewhat amoral individual that represents a kind of Earth Father (as opposed to an Earth Mother) and manifests himself in the form of an old bearded rascal known in the highlands of Guatemala by the name "Maximon"…wearing a black slouch hat, occasionally taking a swig of booze and puffing a cigar much like the ancient Mayan gods of the Underworld, this character is said to stride through the life of the modern Maya like a wise old jaguar on the prowl, a wise old shaman who can be of use to the community but at the same time is unpredictable and a little bit scary…I feel that IX can manifest as any of these, depending on the circumstances of a reading
15. TZ'IKIN (MEN) =EAGLE (interpreted as one who "cries out" for power and wisdom like a screaming eagle, and is focused on his or her goal and vision) this sign was associated with the male sun because the eagle has strong solar connotations in Mesoamerican culture…however, it is also associated with the female Moon goddess Ix-Chel in her manifestation as a wise aged crone… She is given credit for inventing the art of weaving, and is the patroness of agriculture and childbirth…the ancient Yucatec Mayan word "MEN" literally means "wise one" and to this day is a term associated with a category of holy person known either as AH-Men (if male, presumably derived from the term wise "Ahau" or "wise lord") or IX-Men (if female, presumably derived from the term wise "IX" or "wise woman")...try to dissociate the Mayan word "Men" from the obvious Anglo-centric male connotation..."MEN" does not have anything to do with the plural form of "man"...it is simply the Mayan word for "wise one" unfortunately it looks and sounds just like the English word for "more than one male" but there is absolutely NO CONNECTION …when looking at the meaning of the Mayan word "MEN" (wise one or Eagle-person) you can see that there are certain relationships between this day-sign and the previous one, IX…this sign has shamanic connotations like the previous one but these magician connotations are associated with a better-lit solar environment, an environment that can be accessed with the eyes open rather than in the darkness of closed eyes… when the sun rises he is called "Soaring Eagle", and when it is setting he is called "Falling Eagle"…in more contemporary culture the modern Quiche Maya day-priests don’t associate this day-sign with the female aged Moon goddess…they still. However associate it with a powerful sense of focus and motivation…they see it as the sign of the directed warrior energy and focused purpose
16. AJMAC (CIB) =OWL or VOLTURE (interpreted as ancestral energy which has the capacity to eliminate guilt and the weight of "sin") the word "CIB" (pronounced "KEEB") carries the meaning of the English word "wax", and is associated with the tiny insect who manufactures this substance, the bee… bees, in turn are associated with emergence from the ancestral Underworld, the abode of the Dead and the origin place of the human race…there was a general understanding in the ancient Mayan mentality that the ancestors could be appealed to for the forgiveness of sins, the cleaning-up of wrong-doing…the substance wax has that connotation of forgiveness in the Mayan mentality even to this day, and so wax candles are burned by contemporary Maya in association with redemption and forgiveness…both owls and vultures are associated with the ancestral Underworld (remember the Underworld warrior owls in the legend of the divine twins called Hun Ahpu and IxBalanque by the Quiche Mayas)…these two bird species, owls and voltures are identified as "eaters" of wrong-doing…these two kinds of birds are perceived to be spirits who can consume or eliminate sin…forgiveness is implied by this perception
17. NOJ (CABAN) =EARTH or EARTHQUAKE (interpreted as symbolic movement, rhythmic movement, the pulsating frequency of our planet as a macrocosmic projection of the rhythmic, pulsing frequency of a human heart or a human mind) associated with thought and mindfulness filled with the creative energy that is implied by the pulsing of a human mind in rhythm with the pulsing of a human heart…the contemporary Quiche Mayas also associate this day-sign with incense because the smoke of incense rises up as should the thoughts of a righteous, intelligent mind…the upward spiraling movement of intelligent thought reflects the rhythmic quality of pulsation that is symbolized by the glyph CABAN
18. TIJAX (ETZNAB) =FLINT or OBSIDIAN KNIFE (interpreted as a symbol of dividing or bisecting into two complementary or opposing elements, also interpreted in association with the concept of duality) the division of human consciousness into the painful duality of right and wrong, yes and no, up and down etc… the obsidian can also be perceived as the bright, shiny material that it is…within this perception it can be conceived of as a kind of mirror that can reflect the fear associated with bisection, separation and division…the knife can be associated with healing if one envisions it as the sharp scalpel of the surgeon, cutting out diseased tissue to save what is healthy, cutting out that which is spiritually contaminated to save that which is spiritually pure
19. KAWUK (CAUAC) =STORM (interpreted as the sacred cloud-laden union of IK "Wind" and MULUC "Water") associated with turmoil yet pregnant with the promise of a clean fresh beginning after the worst of the tempest is over…also bearing the possibility of green fertile new growth fed by the nourishing waters of the downpour after the old has been swept away
20. JUNAJPU (AHAU) =LORD or SUN or FLOWER (interpreted as the chief of all the glyphs, the "flower" of the spiritual breed) this day-sign refers to the nobility of classical-age Maya civilization, but it also refers to the sacred twin called Hun-Ahau by the Yucatec Mayas of Yucatan, Mexico (Pronounced "Hun-Ahpu" in the Quiche Mayan dialect of Guatemala)…Hun-Ahau is the redeemer and at the same time he is the leader…this day-sign is also associated to those who came before, our ancestors, the fore-runners, the pioneers who blazed the trail for us, their descendants…we follow in their footsteps acknowledging the wisdom they bequeathed to us as a result of their experience…so these also are leaders, they are also Ahau (or "Ahauob", the proper way of pronouncing the plural of Ahau in the Maya language)
These day-names and day-glyphs come up in combination with significant numbers that modify their energy.
We suggest you also refer to the following website for additional information on following the Maya day-count.
We make available to you at our webstore site two beautifully illustrated printed documents that will help you understand more fully the profound message of the Maya Calendar:
"THE SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE BEHIND THE MAYAN CALENDAR AND THE SHIFT OF WORLD AGES". This book lays out in detail all of the most important concepts associated with the 2012 prophecy from an Indigenous perspective and representing the point of view of the most knowledgable thinkers of our time.
MAYA TUN CALENDAR CODEX We also invite you to follow the the individual Tzolkin days of the present tun of the Long Count in our hand-crafted traditionally designed calendar codex, beautifully covered in authentic Maya amate paper and hand painted by Antonio himself.
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